This cartoon is about snooping, one of the most common HIPAA violations. HIPAA prohibits accessing information that people don’t need to do their jobs. It can be easy to look at electronic medical records, and people who snoop in this way might not perceive it as wrong. But the cartoon invites people to imagine how creepy the snooping would appear if it were occurring right in front of patients. Computers remove the interpersonal dynamic, making it harder for people to fully appreciate the wrongfulness of their conduct.
Though the high-profile, celebrity snooping incidents garner all the media attention, smaller cases affecting everyday individuals make up the bulk of the cases and legal activity. A large number of inappropriate access claims involve people checking on protected health information (PHI) about family and friends. Snooping is not intended maliciously. Often a concerned staff member will access the patient records of a family member or acquaintance out of worry or concern. In one case, a nurse in New York was fired for disclosing a patient’s medical history to warn a family member who was romantically involved with the patient of the patient’s STD.